The ERM approach is based on two essential principles: rapidity and flexibility. Families, when they are victims of a trauma, need immediate support specifically adapted to their situation. A quick assessment of their needs after displacement, often arriving to new areas with very little, and of the availability of products on local markets allows our teams to define the most appropriate response. This help can come in various forms: financial support; distribution of staple products; construction of infrastructures giving access to water, sanitation and hygiene; risk management; provision of shelters; or food security and nutrition.

In the last quarter of 2016, teams of the ERM’s NGOs partners distributed money, staple products, tents, blankets, and lead interventions in the field of water, sanitation and hygiene.

 

DISTRIBUTION AND FINANCIAL SUPPORT

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When possible, our teams distribute money in cash to the most vulnerable families, so that they can fulfil their basic needs (food, medicines, or any useful product) for a month, buying from local producers. This solution is efficient as it allows families more immediate access to meet their needs and respects people’s dignity.

More specific distributions can complement the financial support, when some products are harder to find for example. Some families, more vulnerable than others, can also receive additional aid called “Individual Protection Assistance”.

Thanks to this additional support, Ahmad Shah was able to buy a surgical corset for her daughter, who had fallen off a well. Syali, a person living with a disability, was able to buy a wheelchair-bicycle, which allows him to move around autonomously. He now sells phone cards and can contribute to the family’s income.

WATER, SANITATION AND HYGIENE

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In Bahou Korez, near Kaboul, DACAAR has installed 7 water tanks of 3000 litres each. In order to provide the quota of 15 litres per day per person, as per minimum humanitarian standard, the reservoirs are refilled every two days. Those tanks make it possible to fulfil the needs of 178 families, while a well is being dug.

Everywhere they settle, our teams make sure that families have access to drinkable water, water infrastructures, and can maintain basic hygiene. Depending on where they settle, the teams can organise tank-truck rotations distributing water to temporary reservoirs, they can build latrines, rehabilitate water sources, and distribute “hygiene kits” which usually include soap, toiletry, pads, clippers, and chlorination tablets.

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HOUSING

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When they arrived in Barikab, north of the capital, the families of Sher Mohamad and Haji Sardar Khan were facing to desert lands. They received tents, which allow them not to sleep with some protection from the elements while they are waiting for their house to be built.

The issue of housing is essential to those families who have left everything behind. Some of them have gathered to share a place; others are hosted by acquaintances. Some others take refuge in makeshift shelters, where they do not have much privacy. While those families wait for more permanent solutions, our teams distribute tents, which respect international standards. In some cases, distributing materials allowing families to build more lasting shelters is also possible.